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Fostering systems of social cohesion

Four African hands under a water tap. A Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation plaque in the backgroundThe availability and coverage of basic social services is the first step in social cohesion systems. In order to combat poverty, public policies must be defined based on the well-being and quality of life of all peoples, focusing on health, food, water and sanitation and education. These policies will aim to create the conditions required for offering opportunities and developing the abilities that will allow for the social inclusion of the most disadvantaged people. It is important to stress the multi-sector element of these policies and the need for synergies between them, thereby strengthening the focus on health in all policies.

As transversal policies, they will also foster environmental sustainability and a gender-based approach to development. They include lines of action developed for the redistributive tax policy that, from a social expense perspective, will guarantee the fiscal sustainability of basic social services.  In order to achieve these goals, we will take the following action:

  • The right to health: Equity and universal application.
  • The universal right to basic education.
  • Public policies that guarantee the right to food.
  • The right to water and basic sanitation.

Graph showing the strategies encompassed in the orientationEstrategia SectorialEstrategia de ConstrucciónEstrategia con los pueblos indígenasPlan Estratégico Sectorial de Agua

The work of the Secretary-General's Office for Cooperation:

1. The universal right to basic and quality education.

2. Public policies that guarantee the right to food

  • In 2014, Spanish Cooperation will continue its collaboration with CEDEAO, focusing on agricultural development and food security (in addition to renewable energy). We plan to organise a range of workshops and meetings with key voices from within the system on the food situation in West Africa.
  • In addition, we will monitor the Scaling up Nutrition (SUN) initiative and the New Alliance initiative (a continuation of the AFSI initiative).
  • Monitoring the Post-2015 Agenda on Food Security and related international initiatives, such as the Zero Hunger Challenge.
  • Supporting the universal right to food and its inclusion on the future development agenda is a top priority for Spanish Cooperation.

3. The right to water and basic sanitation

  • Promoting the right to water and sanitation in talks about the future development agenda.
  • Spanish Cooperation will play an active role in the OECD/WATER organisation in Madrid, in the preparations for the World Water Forum and in the EU Expert Groups on Water and Sanitation.
  • In 2014, the Water and Sanitation Cooperation Fund (FCAS) will begin to implement the delegated cooperation agreements that were signed with the European Commission in 2013. The FCAS will also begin to identify new potential projects. The two projects that will be launched in 2014 in the field of water and sanitation in Latin America are:
  • The project "Promoting adaptation to climate change and comprehensive management of water resources in the field of water and sanitation in Latin America" (15.3 million euros) within the framework of the FCAS and the regional LAIF. This programme will be carry out in collaboration with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).
  • Phase I of the“Comprehensive Programme for the Water and Human Sanitation Sector in Nicaragua: improvement and extension of the drinking water and sanitation systems in 19 cities” (50 million euros), with financial support from the FCAS, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) and the European Investment Bank.
  • In 2014, we will push to achieve development results in this field through a decisive drive towards implementing FCAS-approved projects of both a bilateral and multilateral scope.
  • In 2014, Spain and Germany will present a new resolution on the right to safe drinking water and sanitation at the Human Rights Council, in the autumn session. Spain will continue to back the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to safe drinking water and sanitation.